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European Union: From the Zollverein to power?
German unity owes much to the Zollverein, a customs union which was created on 1st January 1834. It shared the thaler, the foundation of a real common market in Central Europe, which stimulated the industrial revolution in Europe as a whole. With the Euro the European Union chose to do the same...
Just a few lessons
Europe works in such a way that it always disappoints those in a hurry but long term it finally prevails. And the speculators of the day may rapidly have yet another bitter experience of this. In testing the solidarity of the States which share the Euro there are some who are in for a surprise!...
A Disappointing Start to the Lisbon Treaty
The Lisbon Treaty came into force on 1st December 2009. Since then discouraging international events have been accumulating against Europe. The Copenhagen Conference truly was a humiliation. The final minimum agreement was written between other Powers, excluding Europe. This demonstrates that...
Lessons of Copenhagen
Multilateralism is easier to advocate than implement. Although it is what Europe wants, this is not so certain for the UN. The conference in Copenhagen on climate provided a paltry image of the international community, a truly virtual notion. Was it really necessary to convene the...